Paradoxes and Their Resolutions

A Thematic Compilation by Avi Sion

Blog posts : "induction"

10. Hempel's paradox of confirmation


1.    Traditional analysis

Carl Gustav Hempel[1] in the 1940s exposed an alleged “paradox of confirmation”, which suggested that a fully consistent formal inductive logic is impossible. This is commonly called “the raven paradox”, and may be described as follows:

  1. The obse…

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11. Goodman’s paradox of prediction


1.    The alleged problem

Nelson Goodman[1] proposed in 1955 a “riddle of induction” (as he called it[2]) or “paradox of prediction” (as others have characterized it), which seemed to demonstrate a formal difficulty in generalization. This may be stated as follows:

“Goodman …

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